Later that day, Conservative MP Anna Soubry, when questioned by the Prime Minister, called on May to accept The Grieve amendment: “The Prime Minister says she wants a sensible vote on Brexit before we leave the European Union. Will she also be so good at this last moment that she accepted my right-wing Hon and learned of Amendment 7 from the friend, in a spirit of unity for all here and in the country?  May rejected the idea and said, “We were very clear that we would not launch legal instruments until this good vote had taken place, but the [Grieve] bill that is being drafted indicates that we should not implement these provisions and legal instruments until the withdrawal agreement and the transposition law have reached the code of law. This could be at a very late stage of the procedure, which could mean that we are not in a position to have the orderly and smooth exit from the European Union that we want.  On the issue of the Irish border, there is a protocol on Northern Ireland (the “backstop”) which is attached to the agreement and establishes a position of withdrawal that will only come into force if effective alternative arrangements are not demonstrated before the end of the transitional period. In this case, the UK will eclipse the EU`s common external tariff and Northern Ireland will stick to aspects of the internal market until such an event is carried out. Neither party can unilaterally withdraw from this customs union. The aim of this backstop agreement is to avoid a “hard” border in Ireland, where customs controls are needed.  The British Parliament approved the draft agreement by adopting 2020 implementing laws (The European Union Withdrawal Agreement (Withdrawal Agreement) 2020 Act. Following the signing of the agreement, the UK Government adopted and tabled the UK`s ratification instrument on 29 January 2020.  The agreement was ratified by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020, after approval by the European Parliament on 29 January 2020. The UK`s withdrawal from the EU came into force on 31 January 2020 at 11 .m GMT, when the withdrawal agreement came into force in accordance with Article 185.
When the convincing result of the vote was announced, supported by more than 100 new recruits on the government benches, a Conservative MP got caught at the microphone and exclaimed, “Back out of the net.” If the UK does not ask for an extension beyond 2020, trade relations will be governed by any agreement or World Trade Organisation rules from the beginning of 2021.