UPDATE #4: On February 25, the Virginia Senate passed 21-19 Del. Caroll Foys HB 833, which imposes wage rates for public works above 250K and allows municipalities to impose the prevailing wage rates for local public works. The House Labor and Commerce Committee passed Sen. Saslaw`s SB 8, hb 833 The Essen Senate Accompanying Act, and it was referred to the House Appropriations Committee. The whole of Parliament will probably act soon as soon as it leaves the committee. Finally, union contractors often practice “checkerboarding” to achieve local recruitment objectives, i.e. the practice of taking local workers on other projects and using them in PLA projects subject to local recruitment rules, and then filling empty jobs with non-local union workers. As such, there is no net benefit to local employment for the Community.  Previous studies have also shown an increase in costs associated with the use of PLA, including a 2000 study of a NEVADA WATER AUTHORITy PLA project, which found that the project cost an additional $200,000 because the real weak supplier refused to sign the PLA. The project then went to a union contractor with a $200,000 increase in bid.  Also in 2000, a study was commissioned by Jefferson County, The New York Board of Legislators, which examined the possible use of a PLA for the Jefferson County Court complex, and concluded that a PLA could cost an additional $955,000. The estimated overall increase in project costs, if a LLP were to be used, would have been 7% of the total project cost.
 Phases 1 and 2 of the multi-billion-euro Silver Line project in Northern Virginia were not subject to government-imposed project work contracts. However, parts of Phase 1 and Phase 2 of the Silver Line were constructed with unique PLA agreements that a handful of contractors had voluntarily entered into with unions without government constraint. Companies have been able to negotiate the terms of the agreements directly with the PLA signatories, including provisions that make AEPs optional for Silver Line Phases 1 and 2 subcontractors.