The partner country will also consider periods of coverage in the United States to qualify for a worker benefit in similar circumstances. Most countries require a worker to receive at least one year of national insurance coverage in order to qualify for totalization benefits. In addition, a worker`s combined insurance periods in the United States and national territory must be equal to or above the legal minimum in that country. The minimum duration of the combined coverage a worker must earn for totalization varies from country to country. For example, Switzerland takes 1 year, Hungary 20 years and Japan 25 years (SSA 2016, 2017). Workers who have shared their careers between the United States and a foreign country may not be entitled to pensions, survivor benefits or disability insurance (pensions) from one or both countries because they have not worked long or recently enough to meet minimum conditions. Under an agreement, these workers may benefit from partially U.S. or foreign benefits on the basis of combined or “totalized” coverage credits from both countries. The agreement with Italy is a departure from other US agreements because it does not regulate the people cashed in. As in other agreements, the basic criterion of coverage is the territorial rule. However, the coverage of foreign workers is mainly based on the nationality of the worker. If an employed or self-employed U.S.
citizen in Italy would be covered by U.S. Social Security without the agreement, he will remain covered by the U.S. program and exempt from Italian coverage and contributions. Self-employed workers in a foreign country are also subject to totalisation agreements. These workers are generally subject to the social security coverage of their place of residence. For example, an independent U.S. citizen living in Sweden is covered by the Swedish social security system. However, there are exceptions to this part of the system.  Suppose a worker born on January 2, 1951 applied for an old-age pension in January 2017. The worker worked in the United States for 8 years – from 1980 to 1987 – and earned the maximum amount of taxes subject to Social Security each year. As a result, the worker has accumulated 32 QCs, which is not enough to qualify for a superannuation only with U.S. coverage.
However, this worker also covered in Switzerland. Since the United States and Switzerland have a totalization agreement and the worker has at least 6 QCs, it can be attributed to the worker`s Swiss coverage that he or she can benefit from a fully beneficiary benefit. The U.S. worker`s benefit is calculated in the steps described below. If you live abroad, you may have heard of agreements between the United States and your country, which are known as totalization agreements. You may also have heard that they are referred to as social security agreements. For American expats who live and work abroad, it is very important to know if the U.S. has a totalization agreement with your host country and the details of such an agreement.
You can also write to this address if you want to propose negotiating new agreements with certain countries. In developing its negotiating plans, the SSA attaches considerable importance to the interests of workers and employers who will be affected by potential agreements. 2 An exception to this rule is the agreement with Italy, which allows some transferred workers to choose the social security system to which they are subject.